WAX TO WATER
ANIONIC (25% solids)Percent
Marcus 3400, 3500 21.25
Oleic Acid 3.75
Amine3.75
Water71.25

Procedure: See wax to water emulsification under product applications.

Non-ionic (25% solids)
PercentPercent
Marcus 3400 19.75
Marcus 3500 19.75
Non Phenol/Alcohol Ethoxylate4.95 4.95
KOH (86%) 0.400.45
Monoethylene Glycol 0.80 0.90
Water74.10 73.95

Procedure: See wax to water emulsification under product applications.
Comments:
1.) The recommended degree of ethoxylation is 9-10 moles in order to acheive optimum results.
2.) Ethoxylated surfactants from different suppliers can differ quite widely in the sharpness of the degree of ethoxylation. Frequently, the best results are acheived with a blend of surfactants of low and high degrees of ethoxylation in such a ratio as to give an average of 9-10 moles.

Non-ionic (35% solids)
PercentPercent
Marcus 3400 27.23
Marcus 3500 27.19
Ethoxylated Alcohol 7.007.00
KOH (86%) 0.56 0.63
Sodium Bisulphite 0.21 0.18
Water65.00 65.00

Procedure: See product application information for emulsification procedures.
Comments:
Optimum results are achievable through use of an ethoxylate with 12-15 moles ethylene oxide.

CATIONIC (25% solids)
Percent
Marcus 3400, 3500 19.24
Ethoxylated Tallow/ Stearylamine 5.76
Acetic Acid (98%) 1.68
Sodium Bisulpite 0.20
Water73.12

Procedure: See product application information for emulsification procedures.
Comments:
1.) An ethoxylation degree of 2 moles ethylene oxide is recommended.
2.) Ethoxylated amines from different suppliers vary in the amount of free amine they contain. This has a significant inluence upon the level of acetic acid required for optimum results.
3.) Emulsion pH value is approximately 4.5. Use of a higher ethoxylate together with a reduced quantity of acetic acid enables emulsions with a pH close to neutral to be prepared.

Anionic (20-25% solids)
PercentPercent
Marcus 3400, 3500 21.2516.00
Oleic Acid 3.754.00
Amine3.75
Ammonium Hydroxide (28%) 1.60
Sodium Bisulphite 0.20 0.16
Water Initial change 25.0020.00
Water Second addition 46.05 58.24

Procedure: See product application information for emulsification procedures.
Comments:
The emulsion with ammonium oleate foams severely and the addition of a small amount of antifoam agent is essential prior to commencing the emulsification procedure.

Non-ionic (35% solids)
  PercentPercent
Marcus 3400 27.23
Marcus 3500 27.19
Ethoxylated Alcohol 7.00 7.00
KOH (86%) 0.56 0.63
Sodium Bisulphite 0.21 0.18
Water Initial change 30.00 30.00
Water Second addition 35.00 35.00
pH value 8.80 9.30
Viscosity56.0053.00
LT (1% at 610 nms) 76.0086.00

Procedure: See product application information for emulsification procedures.
Comments:
A tridecyl alcohol ethoxylate with 12-15 moles ethylene oxide is recommended.

Cationic (25% solids)
PercentPercent
Marcus 3400, 3500 19.2319.23
Ethoxylated Tallow/Stearylamine 5.77
Imidazoline S 5.77
Acetic Acid (98%) 0.751.20
Water Initial change 25.00 25.00
Water Second addition 49.25 48.80

Procedure: See product application information for emulsification procedures.
Comments:
1.) An ethoxylation degree of 2 moles ethylene oxide is recommended.
2.) The formulation with Imidazoline foams severely and the addition of a small amount of antifoam prior to commencing the procedure is essential.